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December 18, 2014




(Digital translation from the Greek original: Η ΕΦΑΡΜΟΓΗ ΤΗΣ ΑΜΕΣΗΣ ΔΗΜΟΚΡΑΤΙΑΣ)

 general importance

With direct democracy in Greece meant that the country’s citizens will have the right to vote on any matter concerning them and affect their lives, at local, regional or national level.

It is the most genuine and fair organization of human society so far, for the simple reason that the decisions to shape and

taken directly from the people, the citizens of that society.

In direct (unmediated) Republic citizen:

  • vote on proposals and not representatives
  • propose and to shape matters to be voted
  • is entitled to suggest / cancel bills and constitutional articles
  • has the right to depose State Office
  • have transparency in all state functions

At the same time, citizens have the right to participate in the public consultation, which will precede any decision, but can propose to debate any issue of interest to the common.

The concept of direct democracy refers both to a process and to a political system in which voters (ie, the people themselves), directly express their opinion on political substance.

Some other rights of citizens on Direct Democracy, for example, inspection of the state apparatus by citizens and transparency of the state in economics and all with simple and easy to use online platforms.

But these are only a few pieces of the wonderful and huge social puzzle of Direct Democracy.

The nature of participation (ie quantity), not primarily related to concrete decisions, but with the interest of the citizens and the public consultation must be and remain at the forefront. So we could talk for Direct Democracy and not participatory, as often paraphrased (This may be associated with the election, where citizen participation is low, but the result is considered valid).

The concept of participation is both in quality and also quantity. The quality is related to the level of dialogue and produced policy, while the amount to the right of universal participation of the citizen body in the final selection. Also created the full responsibility of the title “citizen” by all participants, removing the easy assignments and accountability to others.

Some examples of direct democracy in our days around the world


Estonia has electronic voting cards for every citizen which can take part in all referendums.

In the following link:


Some states of I.P.A. use methods of direct democracy, citizens can go places in problems of the state and other local issues.

Information on Link:

H Swiss Federation (Kantonia Appenzell- Innerrhoden and Glarus)

Every four years the people elect the 200 members of the National Council. Voters have the right to choose the ballot of their choice, or to write on a blank ballot the name of someone who is not on any ballot, or to write on a ballot paper the name of someone who would like to be elected and even write it twice to enhance eligibility, but have even allowed to write in a ballot paper the name of someone from another ballot, as to erase names from the ballot they choose.

See how Swiss people vote in electronic voting in the following link:

new Zealand

New Zealand has made history for direct democratic processes in various fields. Universities, higher institutes, communities and various collectives using Loomio tool to conduct and consultation shall vote.

There are political parties with the principle of direct democracy and engage in electoral down a procedure.

More information here:


It is notable that Iceland has changed the Constitution, with direct democratic procedures and electronic voting.

So, we have a practical example of how the citizens themselves can make a law and a new constitution from scratch, without intermediaries.

More information here:

other countries

Globally there are referendums and direct democratic procedures performed by civil initiatives.

The following page will show you the appropriate map:

European Union

Good examples and citizens’ initiatives on EU issues:

How can we develop direct democracy in Greece (Practical Application)?

Process Citizens Initiative

The process of “Citizens’ Initiative” is the way, the tool and the process through which citizens have a proposal and wish a theme heard in society, to get into consultation (discussion) and referendum.

Citizens may request to be added to the Constitution any position – proposal wish. Suffice to collect certain number of signatures for referendums.

The government has the right to counter-her own position and the citizen can choose the suggestion of fellow citizens, the government’s proposal both or none of these.

Nationally conducted a referendum after collecting signatures of 1% of the country’s electorate. According to the count of the electorate of previous national elections in 2012 was 9,947,876, this means that 94 787 signatures needed.

Tranos example form and citizens’ initiatives on the issues of the European Union (

At regional and municipal level, referendum carried out a proposal of 1% of the electorate to the region / municipality.


The referendum will be held, one (1) month after the public posting them on the government website and opengov, and then follow the appropriate information to citizens by experts and scientists to raise the pros and cons of each proposal.

The information will be displayed without fail by the state television and the channel of the House for the whole month until the referendum.

Two types of referendums, the mandatory and optional. Obligatory referendum held on the initiative of the government to change the Constitution and also for the country’s entry into certain international organizations.

Tool and process for implementing referendums

public Consultation

In the context of open government and in order to ensure information and citizen participation in the decision-making process, it is required by the state to allow online consultation of government laws and draft decisions.

Also, full and long briefing by the renewed CHANNEL OF THE HOUSE and public television, independent experts, scientists, but also ordinary citizens to express their opinion on the pros and cons of the issue.

Regular edition brochure by municipalities (for municipal referendums), the regions (for Regional referenda) and by the State for the National Issues.

Open, public and non-partisan “referendums events” in central squares for information and submission of views

for upcoming issues of the referenda.

(Method 1) or phony show of hands

In modern times there are both kinds of overt and secret voting. While the obvious by show of hands

the consent of the voter or not the question of the referendum and the secret with beads or ballots.

Referendum Start

On the day appointed the referendum no later than one hour before the launch, required the members of election commissions to be the designated sites in order to receive from the Mayor or President of the Community, or their representatives voting record shops, polls, necessary furniture and utensils and the like polling species.

Then upon receipt of the above and after settling their carers to settle the positions themselves, of proxies, ballots, ballot boxes and check the seal and place the partitions (screen). After completing all the above secretaries out (of committee) and prepare the minutes of receipt signed by all members.

After signing the protocol the chairperson of each electoral committee with the advent of the defined start time of the vote opens the door of the electoral branch and opened.

Note that, especially electoral material receiving the day before the vote court representatives (receiving presidents of election commissions), in private by the Mayor or President of the Community.

voter turnout

With the start of the referendum come voters (voters) in polling shop one to one or in small small groups, as specified by the Electoral Commission, which shall identify them and verify their registration in the electoral roll.

The identification of voters to exercise their right to vote is based on the identity card or passport (regardless of power), or individual health card or driver’s license, or seaman’s book (Seafarers) or any other official document that certifies the wearer.

When checking the identification of voters is likely to reveal some inconsistencies with the alleged evidence of those on the electoral lists so that voters will need a certificate of identification of relevant mayor or chairman community.

  • (Method 2) Electronic PlatformaEpeidi citizens are scattered throughout Greece, direct democracy could only be achieved with the use of technology in order to give equal opportunity to all citizens can vote, even if they are away from the place of voting, but too limiting the costs of the referendum, such as printing paper, court representatives, etc. Order to be every citizen to vote, but also participate in consultations but but there is user authentication that is true face, you first need to make a few other steps, such as:
  • Create an online platform where citizens can participate in consultation (this can be done through, after proper configuration of the platform), as provided for by both Estonia (
  • Citizens should have an electronic identity that provides encryption to give citizens the right to vote electronically, but in the future be able to sign electronically and anything else will be related to e-government and citizen relationship to the state
  • :

This way also provided the anonymity and privacy of citizens yet and personal identity checked.

(Method 3) Agency pro-Po

For skeptics to new technologies, those who do not have access to the internet and online illiterate, there is the following way.

The tab for the referendum will be in each agency pro-Po, will be completed and the identity card where

citizens will give their vote to answer “YES-NO-no answer” or page referenda on the internet, which will

has the same security with this system transmit election results from the regions to the Ministry of Interior.

Complete information of citizens for each referendum is the responsibility of the state and citizens need to be fully informed before deliver their vote.

The days of referendums are always stable and are divided by seasons, namely, “Referendum Spring” –

the first weekend of spring, “Referendum summer” – the first weekend of summer and so on.

Differences will exist in extraordinary referendums, where the government and the interior ministry responsible for them, will have full responsibility for their conduct, but also to have the same seriousness and political weight, and national elections.

On a local and regional referendums, each region, but also Municipality, will allow agencies pro-Po depending ballots, another color, for example white national referendums, regional and municipal yellow pink.

– Email id Estonia card:

The private Kleidarithmos (who knows only he) serves as the citizen can confirm what he has voted at any time, and the public Kleidarithmos is to confirm that X Kleidarithmos has passed, but without knowing the government and one another to whom corresponds the X public Kleidarithmos.

So people when it’s time to vote opens for 24 hours the online platform and citizens may import their public Kleidarithmos or their data (as long as the platform that has made providing full encryption, which incidentally there is also given a complimentary part of the code from Estonia []), and vote what they wish for each issue that has come to vote.

Why the use of technology?

The use of technology is necessary today because almost 10 million Greeks are scattered in small and large villages and cities throughout Greece is naturally not possible to gather all the Greeks in a square to be consulted on any subject and then vote.

But because of the distance from a municipal center as City Hall, KEP, and / or school is much easier citizens can vote online from wherever you are. Do not forget that the internet can be found by a neighbor or via 3G, or go to the nearest final ADS or shop online and vote.

Using the technology moves and look forward to the future with many benefits especially in economic and ecological place.

That is:

  • Citizens spared effort, time and money to move them to the place of voting. So the people at all times will be allowed to vote on issues that concern them and affect their lives.
  • Also the online votes are more ecological and economical because you do not need to print from thousands to millions of ballots, which in the final end up in a landfill, but also to move millions of people to go to vote

Referenda in numbers *


  • Propose Bill of Citizens with 1% of the electorate that corresponds with 100,000 signatures (in 2012 was 9,947,876 electorate)
  • Repeal the Bill of Citizens to collect the necessary signatures for the referendum of 2% of the electorate and a valid result for or against.
  • a change of Constitutional Article / Paragraph 1% of the electorate that corresponds with 100,000 signatures (in 2012 was 9,947,876 electorate)
  • Remove Constitutional article / paragraph is to collect the necessary signatures for the referendum (2% of the electorate) and valid result for or against.
  • Create / Conduct National Referendum 1% of the electorate that corresponds with 100,000 signatures (in 2012 was 9,947,876 electorate)
  • Create / Conduct Regional Referendum 1% of the electorate of the regional electoral colleges corresponding to 28,000 signatures (example: Attica Region 2010 elections the electorate was 2,792,102. In contrast to the North Aegean region where it would take 2,500 with electorate 249 952)
  • Create / Conduct Local / Municipal Referendum 1% of the electorate of the Municipal electorate corresponding with 5,000 signatures (example: Municipality elections 2010 the electorate was 488 150. Unlike the Gateway City where you need 300 signatures electorate 27.451)

* Numbers are rounded

– See more at:

Shared by:, born 1937, practical philosopher, world-citizen, alpha male…! Facebook group name search: UNO, UNITED NOMOCRATS ORGANIZATION

Facebook group name search: WE

(We introduce digital democracy, Euro and English to eliminate nationalism and wars)!

Website:, (is a price worth voting system + Made in Sweden)

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